Archives for February 2012

SEAT Reveals the New Five Door Mii City Car

SEAT has unveiled an expansion to its Mii city car – a new five door model offering optimum functionality in a compact package.

MILTON KEYNES, ENGLAND, February 24, 2012 — SEAT is revealing an expansion to the Mii city car line-up with the first glimpse of an even more versatile five-door version.

The additional rear doors turn the super-compact SEAT into a unique combination of exceptional driving fun, sporty design and outstanding functionality.
Of course the new five-door Mii remains true to core SEAT principles – meaning it’s both a pleasure to drive, and a pleasure to own.

In either three- or five-door form the Mii scores top marks for fuel consumption and emissions thanks to its lightweight design and efficient drivetrains. This applies in particular to the newly-announced Mii Ecomotive.

Thanks to a start/stop system, brake energy recovery and other measures to improve fuel economy, the Mii Ecomotive makes do with just 4.2 litres of fuel per 100 km, equating to CO2 emissions of only 96 g/km. These impressive statistics apply to both the three and five-door versions, as well as to both performance variants; 60 PS and 75 PS.

James Muir, President of SEAT, S.A. said: “The new Mii has enjoyed a terrific start. Customer response in Spain is outstanding and we are now bringing the entire line-up to the other European markets complete with the three-door, five-door and Ecomotive versions.

“With its distinctive SEAT identity, its youthful design and its high quality standards, the five-door Mii in particular is set to capture a significant share of the sub-compact segment. This makes the Mii an important factor in our corporate strategy. The Mii marks the start of the most extensive model offensive ever undertaken by SEAT.”
As a five-door, the Mii retains the strong character of its distinctive design. Perfectly proportioned, the new SEAT measures 1.64 metres wide with a long wheelbase of 2.42 metres and exceptionally short overhangs front and rear. The steeply angled rear end facilitates the Mii’s generous interior space – optimum functionality is particularly important in the sub-compact segment.

The car’s compact format makes the Mii the perfect companion for urban environments. Yet, thanks to its optimum use of space, it offers plenty of room for four adults. With a volume of 251 litres the Mii also boasts one of the largest luggage compartments in its class, expanding to an impressive 951 litres with the rear seat back folded.
When it comes to technology and equipment, the five-door Mii matches its three-door sibling blow for blow. Beneath the bonnet lies a new generation of engines; the frugal 1.0 litre three-cylinder unit is light, compact and smooth. In two outputs of 60 PS and 75 PS, it ensures fleet-footed agility, and not just in city traffic. With top speeds of 160 km/h and 171 km/h respectively, fuel consumption comes in at just 4.5 or 4.7 litres per 100 kilometres. Meanwhile the Mii’s 35-litre fuel tank ensures both a long range and enduring driving fun.

About SEAT: SEAT is the only company in its sector with the capacity to design, develop, manufacture and market cars in Spain. A member of the Volkswagen Group, the multinational has its headquarters in Martorell, near Barcelona, and exports approximately 75% of its production to 72 countries.

SEAT is the market leader in Spain and, in 2010, reached a turnover amounting to 4.7 billion euros, with total sales of 339,500 vehicles.

All new SEAT vehicles purchased from an authorised SEAT dealer in the United Kingdom qualify for a three-year car warranty consisting of a two-year unlimited mileage manufacturer’s warranty and a third year warranty with a 60,000 miles limitation. Information on car finance can be obtained from the SEAT website, along with further on information on a number of motoring matters, such as where to find winter tyres.


Track and Field News: Felix Sanchez Sets Indoor World Record in Two Consecutive Races

Oxygen4Energy Athlete, Felix Sanchez, recently broke the Indoor 400m Hurdles World Record twice in two consecutive competitions, beating the previous World Record set back in 2010 by nearly a full second!

LAKE FOREST, CA, February 24, 2012  — Felix Sanchez (also known as El Super Sanchez) is one of the most decorated 400m Hurdlers in history. To his name, he already has an Olympic Gold Medal, 2 Outdoor World Championships, 2 Pan American Championships and numerous other accolades. This past week, the 34 year old Sanchez made history again by breaking the Indoor World Record in two consecutive races by nearly half a second in each race.

The previous World Record of 49.73 seconds was set in 2010 by Sanchez as well. On February 4th, Sanchez competed in Mondeville, France, finishing his race in 49.25 seconds, nearly half a second faster than his previous record. Two weeks later, he raced again in France at the same track where he set the record back in 2010. This time, he broke the World Record again, finishing in just 48.78 seconds. This was nearly half a second faster than the record he had just set two weeks prior and nearly 1 second faster than his 2010 record setting performance.

Sanchez joined the Oxygen4Energy team of athletes about half way through the 2011 season because he had heard so many good things about their product and how it was helping other top track athletes like Kellie Wells, Danielle Carruthers, Brittney Reese, David Neville, and others increase their training capacity, reduce their recovery times, and perform better in competition.

According to Sanchez, “Oxygen4Energy has been a great addition to my training regimen. I’m training harder than ever, I’m recovering faster than ever, my body feels great and my competitive performances so far this year are a reflection of all that. I’m really excited to see how things turn out this year in what may be my last run at an Olympic medal.”

After these amazing performances, one thing is very clear. El Super Sanchez is back! And he has his sights set on London!

Click here to learn more about Oxygen4Energy

Click here to follow Felix Sanchez on Facebook. Or on Twitter @elsupersanchez sells 95% pure portable oxygen that is fast becoming the hottest sports and fitness supplement on the market! It affects all aspects of athletic performance including power, endurance, lactic acid, recovery, and mental focus. No stimulants, no sugars, and no crashing!

Whittard of Chelsea Releases Perfect ‘Cuppa’ Guide Ahead of Bumper Tea-Making Day – Mothering Sunday

The UK Tea Council expects more than 165 million cups of tea to be drunk in the UK this Mothering Sunday. As the annual homage to Mothers approaches, millions of sons and daughters around the country are planning to serve breakfast in bed.

OXFORDSHIRE, ENGLAND, February 24, 2012  — The UK Tea Council expects more than 165 million cups of tea to be drunk in the UK this Mothering Sunday. As the annual homage to Mothers approaches, millions of sons and daughters around the country are planning to serve breakfast in bed including the ultimate ‘cuppa’ for the celebrated women in their lives. Tea and coffee specialists Whittard of Chelsea, who have already identified a pre-Mother’s Day tea selling surge, have today released their expert guide to making the perfect cuppa.

Every year, Whittard of Chelsea monitors the Mother’s Day effect, estimated to be one of the biggest tea-making days of the year. Selling over 130 varieties of tea, Whittard last year saw a +32% surge in sales of tea gifts in the run up to Mothering Sunday. So far this year, the firm tea favourites are – unsurprisingly – English Breakfast tea and Earl Grey. However, sales of speciality flavours such as English Rose tea and Orange Blossom tea are also creeping up.

Says Fiona Robinson of Whittard of Chelsea’s head office in Oxfordshire:
“A cup of tea in bed is one of life’s simple pleasures, and one that children can help prepare at any age to spoil the lady of the house. Whittard starts to see a real peak in sales about two weeks before Mother’s Day as people come in to buy their favourite teas, along with pretty bone china to make a celebration out of the perfect cuppa. Tea gifts also sell very well for Mother’s Day with year’s best sellers including tea caddies, leaf tea with silver-plated infusers and tea selection boxes.”

Whittard of Chelsea’s Expert Guide to Making the Perfect Cuppa

1) Choose the right blend to suit your mood – Deciding on the right blend – whether loose leaf or a teabag – to suit your mood and individual taste is key. Many people have on average three blends in their cupboard for exactly this reason. Great wake-up teas for Mother’s Day include classic English Breakfast or Assam. 2) Delicate cup and saucer or comforting chunky mug? Many swear that tea tastes better from fine bone china. Fine bone china cups are lighter and more delicate than ceramic mugs and keep the tea hotter for longer. However, nothing will do but a great big comfortingmug of strong tea. 3) Is it a full tea tray moment? Mother’s Day offers the perfect opportunity to produce a proper ‘tea moment’ complete with laden tray, sugar lumps, strainer, tea pot and milk jug. 4) Always use freshly drawn water either from the cold tap or even better, filtered. Pre-heated water loses oxygen and dulls the flavour of the tea. 5) Are you in a Milk Mood? Some teas are considered best without milk but it’s all a matter of taste. For example, Earl Grey has a very delicate flavour so only requires a dash of milk, whilst some prefer it without milk and just a slice of lemon. 6) Boiling is best – Pour the boiling water straight into the cup as soon as it’s boiled. Boiling water brings the tea to life

1) Warm the pot with a dash of water. It creates a better brewing temperature 2) Measure your tea leaves carefully -Very strong dark type of teas; 3 or 4 teaspoons per 6 cup pot -Medium strength teas, possibly drunk black. 2 teaspoons -Lighter teas, enjoyed without milk. Use 1 teaspoon of leaves 3) Optimum brewing time for tea leaves is 3 to 5 minutes – Less does not extract the full flavour, more and it can become bitter. 4) Stop what you’re doing, pour and enjoy!

Steady Rise in Remodeling Reflects Ongoing Interest in Home Improvements at Financial Website DIYORNOT.COM

Despite the economic downturn the interest in home improvements continues to keep homeowners busy with maintenance and modest upgrades.

ST. MICHAELS, MD, February 22, 2012  — According to the National Assn. of Home Builders, the recent Residential Remodeling Index rose to its five year high, good news for the industry that indicates homeowners are investing in their property. Compared to the boom years of larger than life additions and lavish kitchens, today’s improvements are more modest in scope and focus on maintenance work that keeps a house and its systems in good working order.

Gene Hamilton, co-founder of has seen the same practical approach to improvements and continued homeowners’ interest in maintaining their property. “It’s not that different from 25 years ago when we began writing about the cost of home improvements,” he said, “when people considered their home their largest investment and treated it like one.” He and wife Katie bought and improved “handyman specials” for resale and are authors of 20 home improvement books, including Home Improvement for Dummies . They developed a weekly newspaper column “Do It Yourself Or Not” focusing on the cost of home decorating, repair and remodeling projects that compares the do-it-yourself cost with the cost of hiring a contractor. First published in 1987 the feature continues today in newspaper syndication and online as a popular website, considered “one of the best money web sites” by CNN Money. Its longevity stems from helping homeowners make an informed decision about the cost of a job and knowing what’s involved.

DIYORNOT.COM features an extensive database of the cost of more than 375 projects that generates a regional cost when a user enters a zip code. The Pro Cost of a project which includes the labor and material is based on contractors’ cost books which are updated annually and the DIY Cost is the price of the material needed minus the labor.

Over the years the cost of home improvements has risen with the cost of living. For example, 25 years ago it cost a handy homeowner $90 to paint a 15-by-20-foot room compared with hiring a contractor for $238. Today those numbers escalate to $150 DIY vs. $764 Pro. “What’s changed more dramatically than the dollar amount is the quality of paints, primers and tools that make it easier for a homeowner to get professional looking results,” said Hamilton.

Another development is the number of retail outlets for home improvement products, many designed for do-it-yourself installation. “There were 75 Home Depots in the U.S. in 1987 and today there are 1,974, that’s a dramatic change that offers consumers sometimes mindboggling choices in materials and tools to use.” The extensive television programming about home improvements is another change that helps homeowners learn about projects and often be entertained at the same time.

“Even with a substantial DIY savings, some jobs are best left to the pros,” says Hamilton. As an example he said that despite a 59 percent saving by refinishing hardwood floors, a homeowner can seriously damage those floors with a power sander that will require hiring a professional to repair and refinish them, negating any savings. He advises that any electrical and plumbing work requiring a licensed professional are always best left to the pros.

The steady rise in remodeling indicates homeowners’ interest in maintaining and improving their property, despite the downturn in market value; it is after all, the place they call home. is the online edition of the newspaper column of the same name, which is syndicated by Tribune Media Services. It went online in 1987 on HouseNet BBS, a bulletin board service that evolved into, the first home and garden channel on AOL and home improvement website. More information can be accessed online at and and on Facebook at Do It Yourself Or Not.

Author Steve A. Mizera Shares His Powerful Life Story in His New Autobiography, From a Dime a Dozen to Priceless

Mizera demonstrates the liberating experience of rehabilitation in a story of a boy’s journey from abused to abuser to repentance.

CHRISTMAS VALLEY, OR, February 22, 2012 Steve A. Mizera has endured endless hardships and emerged on the other side. It is the lesson he has learned from these experiences that Mizera wants readers to take away with them after reading his powerful autobiography, “From a Dime a Dozen to Priceless: An Orphan’s 70-Year Quest for a Family”. The author believes he has identified a cause and cure for pedophilia.

Raised in two Catholic orphanages where he suffered sexual abuse as well as mental and physical, Mizera was raised with a far bleaker view of the world than most other boys his age. It is how this view transformed his life, eventually leading to the author’s own crime and punishment, followed by redemption, that forms the fabric of this compelling story.

The book has a printed warning due to its content, which may invoke emotional reactions from readers. However, it is specifically written to help a variety of people – from parents to psychologists and social workers to law enforcement officials to Christians – to understand the answer to the questions most often asked regarding pedophilia – what causes it, and how can it be cured?

The book is available on Amazon, in paperback for $25, as an $2.99 e-book, or. a signed copy from his website at

Steve A. Mizera has worked in a variety of industries since running away from his second orphanage at the age of 14 to live on the streets of Philadelphia. After completing four years in the USAF, Mizera worked as a railway conductor, attended law school and published a small-town newspaper. After committing an unthinkable crime, Mizera was sentenced to 20 years in Folsom State Prison in California. Following his release he spent almost two decades in public service before retiring.

Mizera now lives in Christmas Valley, Oregon, where he creates large panoramic wildlife and landscape photographs on canvas.

Great Britain Becomes Great for Short Breaks

The number of people choosing to enjoy UK breaks rather than going abroad continues to rise with Center Parcs seeing a 400%+ increase in website visitors that are searching for UK based short breaks.

LONDON, ENGLAND, February 22, 2012 — The number of people choosing to enjoy UK breaks rather than going abroad continues to rise with Center Parcs seeing a 400%+ increase in website visitors that are searching for UK based short breaks.

Center Parcs, the destination for UK short breaks, reported a huge annual rise in the volume of natural search traffic coming to their website in January through the search terms “short breaks UK” and “holidays in the UK”.

Between January 2011 and January 2012 Center Parcs saw a 443% rise in search traffic for “short breaks UK” and a 341% rise in search traffic for “holidays in the UK”.

This is backed up by statistics from other quarters:

In September 2011, the number of domestic overnight trips taken in England was 22% higher than the year before (source: Experian Hitwise UK) and the number of searches for “UK Breaks” carried out on Google rose by 27% between January 2011 and January 2012 (source: Google Insights for Search).

To many involved in the UK tourism industry the continued boom is by no means surprising as Simon Jarratt, Online Acquisition Manager for Center Parcs explains:

“The term ‘staycation’ seemed to be something of a buzz word in 2010/11, with the media reporting changing consumer behaviour when it came to the types of holidays people were taking. In reality, it seems like this consumer behaviour has continued into 2012, and is likely to extend far beyond.”

More and more people are seeing the merits of staying within the UK for their family breaks and especially for their short getaways.


Oniqua MRO Analytics to Lead Full-Day Workshop at Maintenance and Reliability Conference (MARCON 2012) Senior Consultant Steve Pak to lead workshop entitled “Maintenance Effectiveness and Efficiency Performance Measures and Spares Optimization Contribution”.

Senior Consultant Steve Pak to lead workshop entitled “Maintenance Effectiveness and Efficiency Performance Measures and Spares Optimization Contribution”.

DENVER, CO, February 22, 2012 /24-7PressRelease/ — Oniqua MRO Analytics (, the leading provider of MRO analytics solutions for asset-intensive organizations, today announced that Steve Pak, senior consultant with Oniqua, will lead a full day workshop at the upcoming Maintenance and Reliability Conference (MARCON). MARCON is being held February 27 – March 1, 2012, in Knoxville, Tennessee, and is hosted by the University of Tennessee Reliability and Maintainability Center.

MARCON is a forum for all – practitioners, specialists, educators and students – to learn and exchange information on new and emerging technologies, as well as on tried and proven methods and techniques in the area of Reliability and Maintenance Engineering and Management. MARCON allows attendees to immerse themselves in ideas to help them better prepare for meeting and beating the competition.

Mr. Pak’s workshop, entitled “Maintenance Effectiveness and Efficiency Performance Measures and Spares Optimization Contribution”, will take place Monday, February 27th, and will review methods and measures to capture maintenance effectiveness and efficiency as they pertain to reliability-centered maintenance. The workshop will also review how to manage spares and materials utilization optimization analytics to provide the right materials, at the right time, at the lowest cost.

“Today’s maintenance organizations commonly focus on how well their assets continue to do what their users want them to do, and how well the resources are being used,” stated Steve Pak, senior consultant, Oniqua MRO Analytics. “The application of reliability-centered maintenance principles to maintenance performance measures can help organizations develop a cost-effective maintenance strategy that will consistently help them achieve their operational goals. I look forward to discussing maintenance and spares principles with workshop participants to help them improve both the efficiency and effectiveness of their maintenance initiatives.”

Steve Pak Bio
As senior consultant at Oniqua, Steve has responsibility for assessing client requirements and presenting technology and process-based solutions. He is also responsible for implementing approved solutions that deliver measurable business benefits. Steve has successfully completed client engagements in a variety of asset-intensive industries, including paper, chemical, petrochemical, utilities, transportation and mining.

Steve has more than 20 years of supply chain and operations management experience with Fortune 500 companies. His knowledge and experiences are focused on business process optimization and re-engineering to achieve company profitability and efficiency by utilizing analysis, insights and best practices.

In additional to his operational and management experience, Steve has been directly involved in the successful implementation of multiple ERP/EAM systems, including Immpower, Oracle, SAP, and Maximo, resulting in the effective integration of improved business processes to enterprise systems.

Steve graduated from Auburn University with a B.S. degree in Chemical Engineering, and earned an M.S. degree from Georgia Institute of Technology, also in Chemical Engineering.

For more information on the MARCON conference and workshops, visit
For more information on Oniqua, visit

About Oniqua MRO Analytics
With operations in the Americas, Africa and Asia-Pacific regions, Oniqua is the world’s leading MRO (Maintenance, Repair and Operations) analytics software company. Oniqua helps organizations maximize profits, savings and efficiencies by minimizing MRO waste, and delivers a positive return on investment in as little as three to six months. Oniqua Analytics Solution (OAS) leverages customers’ transactional data by applying advanced analytics to identify inefficiencies and ensure that their maintenance, inventory and procurement operations run as efficiently as possible. Oniqua is proud to serve the world’s leading companies in the oil and gas, mining, utilities and other asset-intensive industries, including ConocoPhillips, BP, Hawaiian Electric, Bermuda Electric Light Company, Orange County Transportation Authority, Vale, Rio Tinto, Anglo Coal, BHP Billiton, Newmont Mining, Alcoa, Xstrata, Drummond Company, Freeport McMoRan and many others.

CiCi’s Pizza Breaks New Ads

Publicis Dallas-created multimedia campaign introduces “The Hog Fest” pizza.

COPPELL, TX, February 21, 2012 CiCi’s Pizza debuts its new advertising campaign, titled “There’s More Where That Came From,” this week featuring TV, digital and in-store elements. The campaign’s first spot will introduce the newest addition to the CiCi’s Pizza buffet – The Hog Fest pizza, topped with crisp bacon, Italian sausage, sliced ham and pepperoni.

The campaign, which launched on Feb. 20 and is the company’s first with its recently hired agency of record, Publicis Dallas, uses humor to bring the CiCi’s pizza offerings to life and draw attention to the wide variety guests will find on the CiCi’s custom buffet.

“CiCi’s has a great quality and variety story to tell, and this campaign reflects what our brand is all about, beyond price,” said CiCi’s Pizza Chief Marketing Officer Nancy Hampton. “The ad campaign is driven by our innovative pizzas like The Hog Fest, which elevate our buffet to something special and distinctive that guests can’t get anywhere else.”

The Hog Fest, which soft launched nationwide the week of Feb. 13, is the first of several pizzas CiCi’s will introduce in 2012 to add unique varieties to its famous buffet.

“CiCi’s gives its guests more of everything for their dollar – more quality, more variety and more service – which inspired the tagline, ‘There’s More Where That Came From,'” said Publicis Dallas EVP & Executive Creative Director Shon Rathbone. “CiCi’s is about family fun and great food for a great value, and the campaign brands each pizza with unique, colorful personalities to communicate that message.”

The new advertising and product introductions are part of the company’s continuing 10-year “Build the Brand” initiative to add 500 new restaurants by 2020. Progress in 2011 included 22 new restaurant openings, representing a nearly 25 percent increase in new locations over the previous year, and multiple new partnerships such as teaming with Publicis Dallas.

About CiCi’s Pizza
Coppell, Texas-based CiCi’s Pizza opened its first restaurant in Plano, Texas, in 1985 and is now one of the nation’s fastest growing pizza chains. The family-oriented restaurant, known for its pizza, pasta, salad, soup and dessert buffet, has about 600 restaurants in 35 states. In 2011, Zagat recognized CiCi’s on its list of most child-friendly fast-food chains, and Entrepreneur named CiCi’s first in its category on the Franchise 500 list. In 2010, CiCi’s was named to Inc. Magazine’s top 5,000 list, and to Parents’ list of top family-friendly restaurants. Nation’s Restaurant News ranked CiCi’s No. 1 in sales and unit growth among pizza chains for the past four years.

For more information about CiCi’s, visit or

For information on franchising, visit or call 972-745-9316.

About Publicis Dallas
Publicis Dallas, an integrated marketing communications agency, is a part of Publicis Worldwide in the USA, the North American regional operating unit of Paris-based Publicis Worldwide, the largest global agency network within holding company, Publicis Groupe S.A. Publicis Dallas clients include: CiCi’s Pizza, Nestle, GSK, and ServiceMaster brands TruGreen and Terminix, among others.

LGR Unveils World’s First Triple Isotope Analyzer for Water

MOUNTAIN VIEW, CA, February 21, 2012 — Los Gatos Research (LGR), the leader in precision trace gas analyzers, has introduced the world’s first triple isotope analyzer for direct simultaneous measurement of delta-17O, delta-18O, and delta-2H ratios in liquid water and water vapor samples. The IWA-46EP is capable of automated, continuous or batch operation, and delivers isotopic sensitivity and precision comparable to reference isotope ratio mass spectrometer (IRMS) laboratories. And, like other LGR EP-series analyzers, this new instrument incorporates proprietary thermal control, enabling accurate and precise measurements over a wide range of ambient temperatures (0 – 45 degrees C). Together with its rugged, compact packaging, this makes the IWA 46EP ideal for remote and even airborne operation, as well as for routine laboratory use.

Traditional water isotope analysis performed using IRMS technology requires extensive sample preparation and a skilled, experienced operator. Oxygen and hydrogen ratios are separately processed, with 17O being particularly cumbersome for IRMS. In contrast, the IWA-46EP measures all three isotopes simultaneously, directly from water-based samples, including seawater and bodily fluids. Moreover, the measurement process is automated, requiring minimal operator skill. And unlike IRMS, the IWA-46EP needs neither expensive consumables nor frequent calibration.

Applications for the IWA-46EP include atmospheric chemistry, hydrology, water cycle studies and medical diagnostics, where water isotopes can be used to determine metabolic efficiency and energy expenditure.

“We have been using a LGR isotope analyzer for several years to measure delta-18O and delta-2H ratios in waters from plant leaves and stems, as well as from soil,” states Tim Griffis, Assoc. Professor at the University of Minnesota. “We use these types of data in conjunction with isotopic CO2 data to investigate linkages between hydrology and the carbon cycle. The ability to simultaneously measure delta-17O could add important additional insights regarding atmospheric moisture sources since the oxygen-17 excess appears to be influenced by kinetic fractionation during evaporation and is sensitive to humidity conditions in the source region.”

LGR precision gas analyzers are based on the company’s patented Off-axis Integrated Cavity Output Spectroscopy (OA-ICOS) technology, a fourth generation, cavity-enhanced laser absorption technique. This unique approach is both more rugged and more precise than earlier cavity-enhanced techniques, such as conventional cavity ringdown spectroscopy (CRDS), because the performance of OA-ICOS does not need ultra-precise alignment or sub nanometer stability of its optics, or a high degree of thermal control. This ensures higher absolute accuracy, longer maintenance intervals, higher reliability and reduced cost of ownership.

LGR ( makes the world’s most precise, rugged and reliable instruments for measurements of trace gases and isotopes. LGR instruments have been deployed by scientists for acquiring the most accurate measurements possible on all seven continents, in unmanned aerial vehicles, in mobile laboratories, on research and commercial aircraft, and in undersea vehicles.

Today In History – February 20, 2012

1880 – The American Bell Company was incorporated.

1901 – The first territorial legislature of Hawaii convened.

1921 – The motion picture “The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse” was released starring Rudolph Valentino.

1931 – The U.S. Congress allowed California to build the Oakland Bay Bridge.

1933 – The U.S. House of Representatives completed congressional action on the amendment to repeal Prohibition.

1944 – “Big Week” began as U.S. bombers began raiding German aircraft manufacturing centers during World War II.

1952 – Emmett L. Ashford became the first black umpire in organized baseball. He was authorized to be a substitute in the Southwestern International League.

1952 – “The African Queen” opened at the Capitol Theatre in New York City.

1958 – Racing jockey Eddie Arcaro got win number 4,000, as he rode the winner at Santa Anita race track in Southern California.

1962 – John Glenn made space history when he orbited the world three times in 4 hours, 55 minutes. He was the first American to orbit the Earth. He was aboard the Friendship 7 Mercury capsule.

1965 – Ranger 8 crashed on the moon after sending back thousands of pictures of its surface.

1987 – After 11 years, David Hartman left ABC’s “Good Morning America.”

1987 – A bomb exploded in a computer store in Salt Lake City, UT. The blast was blamed on the Unabomber.

1993 – Two ten-year-old boys were charged by police in Liverpool, England, in the abduction and death of a toddler. The two boys were later convicted.

1998 – American Tara Lipinski, at age 15, became the youngest gold medalist in winter Olympics history when she won the ladies’ figure skating title at Nagano, Japan.

2001 – FBI Agent Robert Phillip Hanssen was arrested and charged with spying for the Russians for 15 years.

2002 – In Reqa Al-Gharbiya, Egypt, a fire raced through a train killing at least 370 people and injuring at least 65.

2003 – In West Warwick, RI, 99 people were killed when fire destroyed the nightclub The Station. The fire started with sparks from a pyrotechnic display being used by Great White. Ty Longley, guitarist for Great White, was one of the victims in the fire.