Today In History – April 26, 2012

Events
April 26
1803 – Over 2,300 meteorite stones, weighing between one quarter ounce and 20 pounds, rained down on the people of L’Aigle in northeastern France. The meteorites poured down along an 8-mile-long strip in this little town, 100 miles west of Paris. No one was hurt; but it was the first time scientists could verify that stones could come from outer space.

1921 – Weather broadcasts were heard for the first time on radio when WEW in St. Louis, MO aired weather news. Weather forecasts continue to be the top reason why people listen to radio; rating higher than music, news, sports and commercials! A sunny day to you wherever you may be on the planet…

1932 – Ed Wynn was heard on radio’s Texaco Star Theater for the first time. Wynn, a popular vaudeville performer, demanded a live audience to react to his humor if he was to make the switch to radio. The network consented and Wynn became radio’s first true superstar. He would later make the switch to TV.

1937 – This was a tragic day in history as German planes attacked the town of Guernica in Northern Spain. Without warning, the planes swooped down on the sleepy village, subjecting the citizens to three hours of continuous bombing. The village was left in flames; those who survived the bombs and tried to escape to surrounding fields were shot down by machine-gun fire from the air.

1937 – The publisher of LIFE magazine just about passed out when he looked at his just-off-the-press publication and noticed that someone had forgotten to put the word “LIFE” in the upper left-hand corner! It was the only time that LIFE was nameless. Since hundreds of thousands of copies were already printed, the magazine hit the streets with no name on the cover! The reason? A picture of a rooster would have had an obscured comb if the logotype had been used in the upper left-hand corner as usual.

1937 – The initial broadcast of Lorenzo Jones was heard over NBC radio this day. Karl Swenson played the lead role for the entire run of the serial. And quite a run it was. Lorenzo Jones was on the air until 1955.

1952 – Patty Berg set a new record for major women’s golf competition. She shot a 64 over 18 holes in a tournament in Richmond, California.

1954 – Grace Kelly, “Hollywood’s brightest and busiest star,” was seen on the cover of LIFE magazine. In a couple of years, the actress would leave the U.S. to become Princess Grace of Monaco.

1964 – The Boston Celtics wrapped up an unprecedented sixth consecutive NBA championship. The Celtics still had two more crowns to win, however, before the string would come to an end.

1970 – The musical, Company, opened on Broadway. It ran for 705 performances before parting company with appreciative audiences at the Alvin Theatre in New York City. Company starred Elaine Stritch.

1975 – On top of the Billboard popular music chart was B.J. Thomas, with the longest title ever for a number one song. (Hey Won’t You Play) Another Somebody Done Somebody Wrong Song was number one for one week, though it took that long just to say the title.

1983 – For the first time, the Dow Jones industrial average moved over the 1200 mark, just two months after smashing the 1100 barrier.

1986 – At 1:23 a.m. in Pripyat in the Ukraine when the Chernobyl atomic power station exploded. A three-hundred-square-mile area was evacuated in an attempt to protect over 100,000 residents of the area from radiation poisoning. 31 people died and unknown thousands were exposed as the radioactive material carried in the atmosphere spread throughout the world.

1987 – Tennis star Chris Evert won her 150th career tennis tournament. She beat Martina Navratilova in Houston, Texas.

Birthdays
April 26
1785 – John James Audubon
ornithologist, artist: the original Birdman; died Jan 27, 1851

1822 – Frederick Law Olmsted
landscape architect: Yosemite National Park, Central Park in New York City and other city parks in Boston, MA, Hartford, CT and Louisville, KY; died Aug 28, 1903

1882 – Jessie Redmon Fauset
author: There is Confusion, Plum Bun, The Chinaberry Tree, Comedy, American Style; literary editor: Crisis [NAACP publication]; co-publisher & editor: The Brownie Book; died Apr 30, 1961

1886 – Gertrude ‘Ma’ Rainey (Gertrude Malissa Nix Pridgett)
‘Mother of the Blues’: singer: C.C. Rider [aka See See Rider], Jelly Bean Blues, Ma Rainey’s Black Bottom, Bo Weavil Blues; died Dec 22, 1939

1893 – Anita Loos
author, playwright: Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, I Married an Angel, San Francisco, Saratoga, The Women; died Aug 18, 1981

1897 – Douglas Sirk (Claus Detlef Sierck)
director: Imitation of Life, A Time to Love & a Time to Die, Tarnished Angels, Written on the Wind, Magnificent Obsession, First Legion; died Jan 14, 1987

1900 – Charles Francis Richter
seismologist: invented the Richter scale for measuring the magnitude of earthquakes; died Apr 30, 1985

1917 – Sal (Salvatore Anthony) Maglie
‘The Barber’: baseball: pitcher: NY Giants [all-star: 1951, 1952/World Series: 1951, 1954], Cleveland Indians, Brooklyn Dodgers [World Series: 1956], NY Yankees, SL Cardinals; died Dec 28, 1992

1924 – (Theodore Marcus) Teddy Edwards
jazz musician: tenor sax: Me and My Lover; died Apr 20, 2003

1926 – Bambi Linn (Linnemier)
dancer, actress: Your Show of Shows, Oklahoma!

1927 – John Ralston
football: coach: Cal State Univ at San Jose, Stanford Univ; Coach/GM: Denver Broncos

1933 – Carol Burnett
Emmy Award-winning comedienne, actress: Julie and Carol at Carnegie Hall [1962-1963], Carol & Company [1962-1963], Mad About You [1996-1997]; The Carol Burnett Show, Carol Burnett and Friends, The Garry Moore Show

1937 – Robert Boozer
basketball: Kansas State Univ., U.S. Olympic men’s basketball team [1960 gold medal]

1938 – Nino Benvenuti
International Boxing Hall of Famer: European Junior Middleweight title [1957, 1959], Olympic boxing gold medal [Rome, 1960], Junior Middleweight Champ [1965-1966], Ring Magazine Fighter of the Year [1968]; Middleweight Champ [1967-1970]; retired in 1971, total bouts: 90: won 82, lost 7, tied 1, knockouts 35

1938 – Maurice Williams
singer, songwriter: group: Zodiacs: Stay

1938 – Duane Eddy
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame guitarist: Rebel-’rouser, Forty Miles of Bad Road, Because They’re Young, Theme from Peter Gunn; actor: Because They’re Young, A Thunder of Drums, The Wild Westerners, The Savage Seven, Kona Coast

1941 – Claudine Clark
singer: Party Lights

1941 – (Dr.) Gary Cuozzo
football: Univ of Virginia all-American; NFL: QB: Baltimore Colts, NO Saints, Minnesota Vikings [Super Bowl IV], SL Cardinals; orthodontist [with his son] in Middletown NJ

1941 – Bruce MacGregor
hockey: NHL: Detroit Red Wings, NY Rangers; VP: Edmonton Oilers

1942 – Bobby Rydell (Robert Ridarelli)
singer: Wild One, We Got Love, Swingin’ School, Kissin’ Time, Volare, Forget Him; actor: Bye Bye Birdie, That Lady from Peking

1947 – Donna De Varona
Olympic Hall of Famer: 400-meter individual swimming medley [1964]; International Swimming Hall of Famer; International Women’s Sports Hall of Famer; sportscaster; founder of Women’s Sports Foundation

1947 – Boyd Matson
TV news anchor, correspondent: U.S.A. Today-The Television Series, The Real Story; TV host: National Geographic Explorer

1947 – Amos (Joseph) Otis
baseball: NY Mets, KC Royals [all-star: 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1976], Pittsburgh Pirates [World Series: 1980]

1958 – Giancarlo Esposito
actor: The Usual Suspects, Smoke, Reckless, Blue in the Face, Malcolm X, Do the Right Thing, Sweet Lorraine, Bakersfield P.D.

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Chart Toppers
April 26
1948

Now is the Hour – Bing Crosby
Manana – Peggy Lee
The Dickey Bird Song – The Freddy Martin Orchestra (vocal: Glenn Hughes)
Anytime – Eddy Arnold

1956

Heartbreak Hotel/I Was the One – Elvis Presley
The Poor People of Paris – Les Baxter
Ivory Tower – Cathy Carr
Blue Suede Shoes – Carl Perkins

1964

Can’t Buy Me Love – The Beatles
Twist and Shout – The Beatles
Do You Want to Know a Secret – The Beatles
Understand Your Man – Johnny Cash

1972

The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face – Roberta Flack
Rockin’ Robin – Michael Jackson
I Gotcha – Joe Tex
Chantilly Lace – Jerry Lee Lewis

1980

Call Me – Blondie
Ride like the Wind – Christopher Cross
With You I’m Born Again – Billy Preston & Syreeta
A Lesson in Leavin’ – Dottie West

1988

Where Do Broken Hearts Go – Whitney Houston
Devil Inside – INXS
Wishing Well – Terence Trent D’Arby
I’ll Always Come Back – K.T. Oslin

Source: 440.com

Today In History – April 25, 2012

Press Release Distribution - Today in History1831 – The New York and Harlem Railway was incorporated in New York City.

1928 – Buddy, the first seeing eye dog, was presented to Morris S. Frank on this day. Many seeing eye organizations and schools continue to offer specially trained dogs “…to enhance the independence, dignity, and self-confidence of blind people…”

1938 – Your Family and Mine, a radio serial, was first broadcast.

1940 – W2XBS (now WCBS-TV) in New York City presented the first circus on TV. No, it wasn’t a political debate or a daytime tabloid talk show. It was a three-hour special broadcast from Madison Square Garden.

1943 – Rufus Gentry, playing for Buffalo in the International Baseball League, tied a record originally set in 1916 by winning an 11-inning, no-hitter. Buffalo defeated Newark 1-0.

1946 – The popular Jimmie Lunceford Orchestra recorded Cement Mixer for Majestic records, tapes and CDs this day. Well, not tapes and CDs. We were still listening to 78s back then … thick, heavy ones, at that.

1953 – NBC-TV presented Ethel and Albert, the video version of the popular radio show. Peg Lynch and Alan Bunce starred in the program.

1954 – The prototype manufacture of a new solar battery was announced by the Bell Laboratories in New York City.

1959 – The St. Lawrence Seaway opened to traffic, saving shippers millions of dollars. By going from the sea to the Great Lakes across upstate New York, folks no longer had to ship goods the long, costly over land.

1967 – Colorado Governor John Love signed the first law legalizing abortion in the United States. The law was limited to therapeutic abortions when agreed to, unanimously, by a panel of three physicians.

1970 – DJs around the U.S. played the new number one song, ABC, quite often, as The Jackson 5 reached the number one spot in pop music for two weeks. ABC was the second of four number one songs in a row for the group from Gary, IN. I Want You Back was their first. ABC was one of 23 hits for Michael, Tito, Jackie, Jermaine and Marlon. ABC was knocked out of first place by The Guess Who and their hit, American Woman. I’m Casey Kasem. And the countdown continues…

1972 – Bill Sharman, ending his first year as head coach of the Los Angeles Lakers, was named Coach of the Year in the National Basketball Association (NBA). Sharman had a first year record of 69 wins and 13 losses.

1973 – The group, The Sweet, received a gold record for the hit Little Willy. The English rocker band recorded four hits in addition to their first million-seller, Ballroom Blitz, Fox on the Run, Action and Love is like Oxygen. Little Willy was a top-three hit, while the group’s other gold record winner, Fox on the Run made it to the top five.

1985 – Big River (The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn) opened at the Eugene O’Neill Theatre on Broadway in New York City. The Tony Award-winning score for the show was written by Roger Miller (his first Broadway production). The show, about life on the Mississippi, with Daniel Jenkins in the starring role of Huck Finn, ran for 1,005 performances and won the Tony for Best Musical of the Year. Big River picked up several more Tony Awards: Featured Actor in a Musical to Ron Richardson; Best Director (Musical) to Des McAnuff; Best Book (Musical) to William Hauptman; and Best Scenic Designer and Lighting Designer to Heidi Landesman and Richard Riddell respectively.

1999 – More than 70,000 mourners gathered in Littleton, Colorado to honor the victims of the Columbine High School massacre five days earlier. “All of us must change our lives to honor these children,” Vice President Al Gore told the crowd a few blocks from the high school. “More than ever, I realize every one of us is responsible for all of the children.”

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Birthdays
April 25
1874 – Guglielmo Marconi
‘Father of Radio’: inventor: 1909 Nobel Laureate in Physics: wireless telegraphy [the transmission of Morse Code over electromagnetic energy]; died July 20, 1937

1906 – William J. Brennan Jr.
Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court: authored more than 1,200 opinions, including many landmarks: free press [New York Times v. Sullivan], women’s rights [Frontiero v. Richardson], reapportionment [Baker v. Carr], civil rights [Cooper v. Aaron, Green v. County School Board]; died July 24, 1997

1908 – Edward R. (Roscoe) Murrow
newsman: You are There, Person to Person; former head U.S. Information Agency; died Apr 27, 1965

1913 – Earl Bostic
alto sax player, bandleader: Flamingo, Sleep, You Go to My Head, Cherokee, Temptation; died Oct 28, 1965

1915 – Sal Franzella
jazz musician: alto sax, clarinet: group: Sal Franzella & the Accordionaires: Yesterdays, Oh Marie, Paradise

1916 – Jerry Barber
golfer: PGA Champion [1961: Barber & Don January tied at 277, Barber won playoff 67 to 68]; died Sep 9, 1994

1917 – Ella Fitzgerald
Grammy Award-winning singer [12]: Bill Bailey Won’t You Please Come Home, Mack the Knife, A-Tisket, A-Tasket; died June 15, 1996

1921 – Melissa Hayden (Mildred Herman)
ballerina: New York City Ballet; died Aug 9, 2006

1923 – Albert King (Nelson)
blues singer, guitarist: Don’t Throw Your Love on Me So Strong, Think Twice before You Speak, Born under a Bad Sign, Cold Feet; died Dec 21, 1992

1930 – Paul Mazursky
director: Harry and Tonto, An Unmarried Woman, Scenes from a Mall, The Pickle, Moscow on the Hudson, Down and Out in Beverly Hills, Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice, The Tempest

1932 – Willis ‘Gator’ Jackson
composer, tenor sax: invented the gator horn: Chuck’s Chuckles, Dance of the Lady Bug, Back Door, Later Gator; married to singer Ruth Brown; died Oct 25, 1987

1932 – Meadowlark (George) Lemon
basketball: Harlem Globetrotters

1933 – Jerry Leiber
record producer with Mike Stoller: Hard Times, Smokey Joe’s Cafe, Up on the Roof, On Broadway, Chapel of Love; died Aug 22, 2011

1933 – J. Anthony Lukas
Pulitzer Prize-winning author: Common Ground: A Turbulent Decade in the Lives of Three American Families; died June 5, 1997); died June 5, 1997

1935 – Robert Gutowski
U.S. pole vaulter: world record: 4.78m. [April 27, 1957; died Aug 3, 1960

1940 – Al (Alfredo James) Pacino
Academy Award-winning actor: Scent of a Woman [1992]; Scarface, Serpico, The Godfather, Dick Tracy; Tony Award-winning actor: Does a Tiger Wear a Necktie [1969], The Basic Training of Pavlo Hummel [1977]

1945 – Stu Cook
musician: bass: group: Creedence Clearwater Revival: Susie Q, Proud Mary, Keep on Chooglin’, Green River, Lodi, Bad Moon Rising, Wrote a Song for Everyone, Midnight Special, Down on the Corner, Up Around the Bend, Lookin’ Out My Back Door, Who’ll Stop the Rain, Have You Ever Seen the Rain, Someday Never Comes

1945 – Bjorn Ulvaeus
musician: guitar, singer: group: Abba: Waterloo, Dancing Queen, I Have a Dream, LPs: The Album, Voulez-Vous, Super Trouper, The Visitors, Spanish Album, Arrival

1946 – Terry Hermeling
football: Washington Redskins tackle: Super Bowl VII

1946 – Talia Shire (Coppola)
actress: Godfather series, Rocky series, For Richer, For Poorer, A Century of Women, Blood Vows; sister of Producer/Director Francis Ford Coppola

1947 – Jeffrey DeMunn
actor: Ragtime, Frances The Shawshank Redemption, Rocket Man, The X Files, The Green Mile

1949 – Michael Brown (Lookofsky)
musician: keyboards: group: The Left Banke: Walk Away Renee, Pretty Ballerina, Desiree

1952 – Don Martineau
hockey: NHL: Atlanta Flames, Minnesota North Stars, Detroit Red Wings [all-star: 1976-1977]

1964 – Andy Bell
singer: group: Erasure: Sometimes, LP: Wonderland

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Today In History – February 17, 2012

1913 – The Armory Show opened at the 69th Regiment Armory in New York City. The full-scale exhibition was of contemporary paintings and was organized by the Association of Painters and Sculptors.

1924 – Swimmer Johnny Weissmuller set a world record in the 100-yard freestyle. He did it with a time of 57-2/5 seconds in Miami, FL.

1933 – “Newsweek” was first published.

1933 – Blondie Boopadoop married Dagwood Bumstead three years after Chic Young’s popular strip first debuted.

1934 – The first high school automobile driver’s education course was introduced in State College, PA.

1944 – During World War II, the Battle of Eniwetok Atoll began. U.S. forces won the battle on February 22, 1944.

1947 – The Voice of America began broadcasting to the Soviet Union.

1964 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that congressional districts within each state had to be approximately equal in population. (Westberry v. Sanders)

1965 – Comedienne Joan Rivers made her first guest appearances on ” The Tonight Show starring Johnny Carson” on NBC-TV.

1968 – The Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame opened in Springfield, MA.

1985 – U.S. Postage stamp prices were raised from 20 cents to 22 cents for first class mail.

1992 – In Milwaukee, serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer was sentenced to life in prison. In November of 1994, he was beaten to death in prison.

1995 – Colin Ferguson was convicted of six counts of murder in the December 1993 Long Island Rail Road shootings. He was later sentenced to a minimum of 200 years in prison.

1996 – World chess champion Garry Kasparov beat the IBM supercomputer “Deep Blue” in Philadelphia, PA.

1997 – Pepperdine University announced that Kenneth Starr was leaving the Whitewater probe to take a full-time job at the school. Starr reversed the announcement four days later.

2005 – U.S. President George W. Bush named John Negroponte as the first national intelligence director.

Today In History – February 16, 2012

1914 – The first airplane flight between Los Angeles and San Francisco took place.

1918 – Lithuania proclaimed its independence.

1923 – Howard Carter unsealed the burial chamber of Egyptian Pharaoh Tutankhamen. The next day he entered the chamber with several invited guests. He had originally found the tomb on November 4, 1922.

1932 – The first fruit tree patent was issued to James E. Markham for a peach tree which ripens later than other varieties.

1937 – Wallace H. Carothers received a patent for nylon. Carothers was a research chemist for Du Pont.

1938 – The U.S. Federal Crop Insurance program was authorized.

1945 – During World War II, U.S. troops landed on the island of Corregidor in the Philippines.

1946 – The first commercially designed helicopter was tested in Connecticut.

1948 – NBC-TV began airing its first nightly newscast, “The Camel Newsreel Theatre”, which consisted of Fox Movietone newsreels.

1959 – Fidel Castro seized power in Cuba after the overthrow of President Fulgencio Batista.

1960 – The U.S.S. Triton began the first circumnavigation of the globe under water. The trip ended on May 10.

1962 – Jimmy Bostwick defeated his brother, Pete, to win the U.S. Open Court-Tennis championships for the third time.

1963 – Paul Anka married Marie-Ann DeZogheb in Paris.

1968 – In the U.S., the first 911 emergency telephone system was inaugurated in Haleyville, AL.

1970 – Joe Frazier began his reign as the undefeated heavyweight world champion when he knocked out Jimmy Ellis in five rounds. He lost the title on January 22, 1973, when he lost for the first time in his professional career to George Foreman.

1972 – Wilt Chamberlain (Los Angeles Lakers) reached the 30,000-point mark in his NBA career during a game against the Phoenix Suns.

1977 – The Anglican archbishop of Uganda, Janani Luwum, was killed in automobile accident. Two other men were also killed.

1985 – “Kojak” returned to network television after an absence of seven years with the CBS-TV special, “Kojak: The Belarus File.”

1987 – John Demjanjuk went on trial in Jerusalem. He was accused of being “Ivan the Terrible”, a guard at the Treblinka concentration camp. He was convicted, but the Israeli Supreme Court overturned the ruling.

1989 – Investigators in Lockerbie, Scotland, announced that a bomb hidden inside a radio-cassette player was the reason that Pan Am Flight 103 was brought down the previous December. All 259 people aboard and 11 on the ground were killed.

1999 – A bomb exploded at the government headquarters in Uzbekistan. Gunfire followed the incident. The event apparently was an attempt on the life of President Islam Karimov.

1999 – Kurds seized embassies and held hostages across Europe following Turkey’s arrest of Kurdish rebel leader Abdullah Ocalan.

1999 – Testimony began in the Jasper, TX, trial of John William King. He was charged with murder in the gruesome dragging death of James Byrd Jr. King was later convicted and sentenced to death.

2002 – The operator of a crematory in Noble, GA, was arrested after dozens of corpses were found stacked in storage sheds and scattered around in the surrounding woods.

2005 – The Kyoto global warming pact went into effect in 140 nations.

2005 – The NHL announced the cancellation of the 2004-2005 season due to a labor dispute. It was the first time a major sports league in North America lost an entire season to a labor dispute.

Today In History – February 15, 2012

1900 – The British threaten to use natives in their war with the Boers.

1903 – Morris and Rose Michtom, Russian immigrants, introduced the first teddy bear in America.

1932 – George Burns and Gracie Allen debuted as regulars on “The Guy Lombardo Show” on CBS radio.

1933 – U.S. President-elect Franklin Roosevelt escaped an assination attempt in Miami. Chicago Mayor Anton J. Cermak was killed in the attack.

1942 – During World War II, Singapore surrendered to the Japanese.

1943 – “My True Story” was heard for the first time on ABC radio.

1946 – Edith Houghton, at age 33, was signed as a baseball scout by the Philadelphia Phillies becoming the first female scout in the major leagues.

1953 – The first American to win the women’s world figure skating championship was 17-year-old Tenley Albright.

1961 – A Boeing 707 crashed in Belgium killing 73 people.

1962 – CBS-TV bought the exclusive rights to college football games from the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) for a figure of $10,200,000.

1965 – Canada displayed its new red and white maple leaf flag. The flag was to replace the old Red Ensign standard.

1982 – During a storm, the Ocean Ranger, a drilling rig, sank off the coast of Newfoundland. 84 men were killed.

1985 – The Center for Disease Control reported that more than half of all nine-year-olds in the U.S. showed no sign of tooth decay.

1989 – After nine years of intervention, the Soviet Union announced that the remainder of its troops had left Afghanistan.

1991 – The leaders of Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Poland signed the Visegard agreement, in which they pledged to cooperate in transforming thier countties to free-market economies.

1995 – The FBI arrested Kevin Mitnick and charged him with cracking security in some of the nation’s most protected computers. He served five years in jail.

2002 – U.S. President George W. Bush approved Nevada’s Yucca Mountain as a site for long-term disposal of radioactive nuclear waste.